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Sunday, 24 October 2021

Covid Recovery: Dance Events at Chippenham Folk Festival 23 October 2021

 Chippenham Folk Festival is normally in late-May but this year they put on slightly over a day of events 22-23 October. No campsite was offered and most of the larger venues were not used. Tickets for events were initially only available online although at the last minute, they were made available from the box office.

I attended two dance events

Balfolk workshop and Bal

This attracted about 30 people although I was told that 60 tickets were available. It was held on the Saturday afternoon in Chippenham Town Hall, a superb upstairs room with an excellent floor. A handful of dancers arrived wearing masks and one kept hers on when dancing. Otherwise, it was very much as "normal". 

It's difficult to comment on numbers because a directly comparable event didn't happen in pre-pandemic times. My feeling is that in normal times, selling all 60 tickets would have been hard - although had there, by chance, been a lack of recent similar could well have happened.


This got up to about 25 people on the floor at any one time although I was told that 50 tickets were available.There were maybe a dozen people sitting out. It was held on the Saturday evening in Chippenham's Constitutional Club, an OK room with a reasonable floor. I don't think I saw any masks.. Otherwise, it was very much as "normal" except there was plenty of space 

It's perhaps easier to comment on numbers because fairly comparable events happened in pre-pandemic times most Saturday evenings in Autumn/Winter in England. My feeling is that in normal times, selling all 60 tickets could have been easy although permitting "turn up and pay on the door" would have made it more certain. Given the recent lack of similar events, one might have expected high demand for this event but it really wasn't there.

Who came?

As reported in previous articles in this series, a lot of people who "ought" to have been there were not. There were quite a few younger people who I don't recall seeing before.

Sunday, 12 September 2021

Covid Recovery: Ceilidhs at Bromyard Folk Festival 10-11 September 2021

 In normal years,  this festival offers 3-4 ceilidhs on the greenfield site as well as a "Day of Dance" featuring Contra, etc. at a venue in the town. This year, the "Day of Dance" was cancelled and there were just two ceilidhs.

The organisers were a little coy about exactly what was on offer saying, "Not comfortable dancing in a crowd? Don’t worry! The evenings will start out as an upbeat standing concert and with callers on hand" and the programme billed the ceilidhs as  "An evening with" followed by the name of the band. The Friday event did start with an hour of concert but the Saturday was a dance from the start.

Concessions to Covid included:

  • A large container of hand sanitiser near the entrance
  • A last minute email from the festival "Please take a Lateral Flow Test within 24 hours before your expected arrival at the site.". This caused some confusion on the Facebook page as people tried to establish what proof they'd need. The answer turned out to be none.
  • The ceilidh venue was a "sideless" marquee 

So did people turn up and dance? Yes, they did

I counted 5 sets of 8 couples = 80 people on the floor for one dance and roughly counted 88 for another. I doubt it numbers reached 100 and there can't have been many dances with less than 60. I saw one person wearing a mask on the dancefloor for just the first hour or so of the first dance.

It's difficult to say what "normal" numbers would be because over the years, it's varied a lot. Certainly, the numbers above are near the upper end of normal. A few notes on who the dancers were or were not:
  • Around 12 people known to me as "regulars" at this event were absent
  • One of those was reported to be infected with Covid
  • A few people who I would have expected to attend the usual "Day of Dance" events came to the ceilidhs.
  • The average age may have been a little lower than usual


  • Sideless marquees have a history before 2020. Some summer festivals in France use them and Chippenham used one for events behind the Black Horse for some years. They provide excellent cooling as well as today's much desired ventilation. It worked well at Bromyard but only just. It was cool enough to dissuade people from sitting out dances to any great extent. Had the weather been a little colder, windy or wet it could have been uncomfortable.
  • The "turnout" for these events suggests that you can get a similar number of dancers as you would have in 2019.  You won't necessarily get exactly the same people though.
  • It seems nice to try and be inclusive of those who have anxiety about possible infection (but not enough to make them stay away). However, recent reports in this series suggest that this group is just about non-existent. People are either going to dances and participating normally or staying away completely. A notable exception was Sidmouth back in early August where there was a minority wearing masks, sticking to one partner, etc.

Saturday, 4 September 2021

Covid Recovery: Contra Dance at Alcester 3rd September 2021

 In normal times, this is a series of monthly events attracting over 100 dancers. This was a "restart" event and the intention is that there will be another dance in October and presumably monthly thereafter. Differences from normal included:

  • A different hall with around a quarter of the floor area of the usual spaces. I asked the organiser if this was deliberate but she said not. .The usual spaces were not available.
  • There were nearly always 32 dancers on the floor and no more than 40. This was low compared to the usual 100+ but fitted the hall well.
  • The large number of students normally seen were absent but this is probably because it's still the vacation.
  • It was my impression that the proportion of the very oldest dancers was less and the that the middle-aged were more prominent.
  • I saw 3 masks being worn by 20-somethings
  • Everyone danced normally but perhaps with a little more enthusiasm and joy than normal.

Sunday, 22 August 2021

Covid Recovery: Ceilidh at Moira Furnace Folk Festival 2021

Moira Furnace Folk Festival is a small event usually held in late-August in the North West Leicestershire village of Moira which advertised a ceilidh:

For comparison here's video of the 2019 event which shows the same band, venue and number of dancers as at the 2021 event.  It's typical of many smaller festivals in that the ceilidh is a small event with a local band and attracts a crowd of  30-40 people. 

So, does this imply that Covid-19 has ceased to impact public dance events? Almost! 

  • I saw just one face covering and the wearer did not attempt to dance
  •  Hand sanitiser was available and I saw a few people use it
  •  The caller asked at the beginning if we were Ok with dances involving touching other people and did we mind changing partners?  There was no dissent and many accepted "Dance line it's 2019" stickers from me
  • On a couple of occasions, the caller made  (possibly humourous) concessions to infection control such as calling for "elbow stars"
  • Two "fire doors" were open.  This would be welcome at any summer ceilidh before Covid but was sometimes refused on the grounds of security
Taken with the experience at Sidmouth, it seems reasonable to assert that the public will show up and participate in dances much as in 2019.

Sunday, 8 August 2021

Covid Recovery: Dancing at Sidmouth Folk Festival 2021

This post is written to document what is and is not happening as of early August 2021 at a festival that usually sees lots of dancing. It's hoped that the observations will help dancers, organisers and others to plan for the future.


In normal years, this festival has a lot of social dancing in the form of ceilidhs, contras, American squares and the odd Bal or two. Typically, theses events are in marquees or local community halls. The number of  different people dancing over the course of the week probably approaches 1000.

By the time the festival started in 2021, "dancing like it was 2019" had been legal for several weeks  but due to the long lead times for booking infrastructure, etc. the cut-down festival planned no indoor events and no dancing. 

The Anchor Ceilidhs

One of the pubs, The Anchor Inn put on their lunchtime ceilidh series. Differences from 2019 included:

  • No late-afternoon ceilidh
  • Another row of tables on each side of the dancefloor which reduced the dancing area by around 25%
The density of dancers on the floor was probably a little lower than normal. Some, including some under-18s  wore masks but this declined during the week. A small minority danced as fixed couples so they didn't touch anyone outside their household.

I offered people stickers like these to indicate their preference. A small minority declined

Dancing at the Anchor

Unofficial Dance Fringe

I organised this. Essentially this was a daily offering of a Ceilidh/Bal at 8pm with a scratch band and callers. The main location was on the sea front outside the Bedford Hotel and typically attracted 20-30 dancers and up to 8 musicians. Each morning, the weather from the Met Office was checked and if the probability of rain from 2000-2200 was low, the event was posted to Facebook and announced at the Anchor lunchtime ceilidh.

Irish Set

I came across a couple of instances of people dancing Irish Set in the afternoon although I was told it was a modified form designed to reduce contact between people not of the same household. One session was on the lawn of the The Triangle

There was also a small gathering on the sea front.

Bal Miniscule

Fine musicians are always attracted to Sidmouth for the Festival and when they gather for sessions, people often dance. (This is the essence of Bal Miniscule) - 2021 was no exception


We have demonstrated that there is at least some demand for dancing "like it's 2019" as the Covid pandemic wanes in the UK. The number of people at the Festival was only a fraction of the normal numbers. This was partly due to people fearing the virus but also because the Festival was much smaller and possibly because the "official" campsite had much less capacity than usual - and as this was sold out, it may explain why some younger dancers were absent. I met some people who usually dance but made the decision not to dance this year.

It's difficult to draw many conclusions about whether people will want to dance indoors during the coming Autumn as they might have done during 2019. Informal conversations with a number of festival-goers indicated that some were eschewing indoor life as much as possible. Some of the musician's sessions that would normally have been indoors were in outside spaces. One explained to me that she  expected to catch Covid at some point and would rather it was as a low dose rather than the large dose that could be available in a crowded pub.

It could be that if the pandemic continues to decline in the UK, people who were happy to dance outdoors during August will be happy to dance indoors a few months down the line.

It was odd that some people danced in the open air wearing masks when this is contrary to the WHO guidelines for exercise.

There were no "vaccine passports" or any testing regimes but there was this interesting approach to getting partners

Monday, 15 March 2021

How to make an Ordnance Survey map for your wall

 Many years ago, I stayed at a Youth Hostel where the warden had papered on wall with Bartholomew's Half-Inch maps covering all of Wales and the borders.   This inspired me to do something similar with OS 1:50,000 maps in the first house I bought. It was quite difficult because some of the map sheets had been printed at different times to different standards. There were woods that changed their shade of green half way across and and "C" was missing from "Cotswold Hills".

It's a lot easier today as the OS (and some of their distributors)  offer what are essentially paper prints from their database. The actual map area of the sheets is 80cm  x 80cm corresponding to 20km x 20km (1:25,000) or 40km x 40km (1:50,000). You can specify the exact centre point of the map you want so I chose my house. 

(Actually, that's not quite true, you can only specify the nearest Postcode and the software jumps to the grid reference for that. If you wanted to order more than one map and put them on a wall as wallpaper, you would be unlikely to be able to get a map that was centred exactly 20/40km from the next. I was planning to have just one 80cm square so that wasn't a problem)

Start the ordering process here (Doesn't seem to work well on a mobile)

 The sheets as supplied are larger than 80cm because there's a border and a panel showing what all the symbols mean. If you want to include everything, you're going to need a frame that's 100cm x 89cm which is unlikely to be sitting on a shelf somewhere for you to buy. However, 80cm x 80cm frames are "standard" so that's what I went for. Here's a link to the frame I used (I'm just an ordinary customer)

Frame sizing isn't quite as simple as you might think, take a look at this table:

Advertised frame size

80cm x 80cm

Largest sheet of paper that fits inside

80cm x 80cm

Outside dimensions of the frame

Maybe 85cm x 85cm depending of frame thickness

How much of the map you can actually see

Maybe 79cm x79cm – check with the frame manufacturer,

 You need to make sure:

  • that you have a enough wall space for 85cm x 85cm or whatever it is.
  • that any features on the maps that are important to you are not too close to the edge

How to cut out your map

You don't need to be super precise with the knife, Sure, you're aiming to cut an 80x80 square but the visible window is typically only 79x79. So just err on the side of making it a tiny bit too small. If you're not "wasting" a few mm of real map all round, you're doing it wrong and the final result won't fit into the frame.

The final result

Sunday, 26 July 2020

Slow filling toilet cistern – unusual cause and fix

If your toilet cistern is taking too long to refill and be ready for the next user (Mine was taking 10 minutes!) you may have found some of the great articles and videos that basically tell you to dismantle the float valve and clean out the blockage. A few others suggest you may have low water pressure but are using a high pressure nozzle. 

Try those approached first and if one of them solves your problem, that’s great and you can stop reading now. 

Another cause can be that the rubber diaphragm in the float valve is the wrong way round.  

Here’s the story…

I actually had two problems with my cistern. As well as being slow to fill, after about 18 hours, it started to overflow very gently. I replaced the rubber diaphragm being careful to put it the same way round as the old one. This fixed the overflow – although adjusting this correctly was difficult because it took tens of hours for the water flow to reduce from extremely low to zero. However, the filling was just as slow as previously. Watching carefully, I noticed that the flow started off pretty feeble and rapidly declined as the cistern filled. Twelve hours later, it was still filling at about one drop per minute.

So I partially dismantled it again and examined the diaphragm and nozzle interaction. As the float went up, the diaphragm quickly made gentle contact with the nozzle but real water-stopping contact needed the float past the top.  This caused the flow to slow down almost immediately but never really stop.

So I put the diaphragm in the other way. 

Now, when the cistern was empty, the diaphragm was quite a long way from the nozzle so water rushed in and the toilet was ready for the next user in 30 seconds. When the cistern was nearly full, the diaphragm and nozzle met and the diaphragm was rock hard so stopping the flow quickly. 

The diaphragm design seems to vary a bit so this video shows to hold and test a diaphragm. First, my thumbs are pressing the soft side and then the hard side. You want the nozzle facing the hard side

It's just possible that none of this article is making sense to you because you've got a different sort of "ball cock" or float valve.. Here's a view of the inside on my cistern...

.. and here's a closer view of the float valve
Some of you will be have at simple small black disc-shaped "washer" which is the same on both sides rather than the larger, more complicated diaphragm. You've got a different sort of float valve and this article doesn't apply - Sorry!